Ceramic and Porcelain are both clay tiles
however despite the fact that both are man-made and created from clay, they are very different materials in looks, durability, and how they are created.
The easiest and fastest way to tell a ceramic tile from a porcelain tile is to take a look at its edge. A ceramic tile, whether for floor or wall use, has a glaze on top of the surface, giving it, it’s colour and finish.
Ceramic tiles come in two types, monocottura and bicottura. Both types are made with pressed wet clay, however monocottura is only fired once and bicottura is fired twice. A bicottura tile is much harder and denser than a monocottura tile.
Porcelain tile is made of clay dust not wet clay. The dust is dyed or pigmented into the desired colour, then compacted under extreme pressure, which makes the tile much denser and durable. The resulting tile is then fired to much higher temperatures than the ceramic tiles, resulting in a non-porous, hard and highly durable tile.
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